The impact of lighting on our well-being
Light is one of the most important elements affecting our health and well-being. Lighting can have a huge impact on our body, be it stimulating or calming, but it is also an interior design tool that we can use to create the desired atmosphere. Appropriate choice of lighting is therefore crucial in every consciously and carefully designed interior.
Below we present the basic concepts about natural and artificial lighting as well as the potential of lighting to achieve the desired effect in any type of interior.
Scientists have proven that exposure to more natural light has a very positive effect on humans. What is more, skilful use of day light can help highlight the best features of an interior and conceal its potential flaws. The key is to properly identify the orientation of space towards sunrise and sunset in order to create the desired atmosphere and feeling. Consider taking advantage of the natural setting of your apartment and using form, colour, shape and light to create an interior with character. For example, you may use bright, vibrant colours in interiors with northern exposure to create a more dynamic space, or cool and neutral colours in interiors with southern exposure to create harmony.
Artificial lighting can also significantly affect our mood and well-being. Properly selected fittings, lamps and bulbs can create the desired atmosphere and feeling in your interior. The kind of lamps we choose, their placement and the colour of light they emit all matter. The number and spatial arrangement of the sources of light should reflect the function and character of the interior. Whether we want to create an open, family atmosphere or an intimate space for relaxing, the type of artificial lighting we choose will be decisive for the end effect. Regardless of the size of the room, it is worth using one main source of light and additional lighting arrangements that will give us more freedom in designing our interior and shaping the mood.
Colour and intensity of light
Once we have decided on the appropriate spatial arrangement of the sources of light, then aside from the light output of the bulb, we should pay attention to the colour of light. The higher the colour temperature, expressed in kelvins (K), the cooler the colour of light. The most commonly used light bulbs have a neutral colour temperature of 3,400-4,500 K, but one should be aware that there are other options, especially when trying to create a particular kind of atmosphere.
Studies have shown that interiors with abundant light stimulate our emotions and enhance the production of endorphins, the “feel-good” chemicals produced by the brain. It is also worth remembering that a well-lit interior appears bigger, more functional and comfortable. Depending on the colour and intensity of light, we can make ourselves feel more energetic, but on the other hand, we can have trouble going to sleep or concentrating. That is why it is important to pick the right kind of lighting for a given interior.
Choosing lighting for a given interior need not be a purely technical process aimed at ensuring an optimal level of lighting. Floor lamps, pendant lamps or table lamps can be décor elements themselves. A tasteful lamp standing on a chest of drawers can add charm, a night light can make the bedroom cosier and a floor lamp next to an armchair or a sofa can be a beautiful object shaping the character of the entire room. Whatever your choice, the right kind of lighting will not only fulfil its natural function, but also complement the interior design, making your space more sophisticated and beautiful.